Everyone suffers from insomnia in their lives. Nearly 60 million Americans suffer from insomnia every year. Usually, the problem only lasts for a couple of nights but in some extreme cases insomnia can be chronic and may go on for days at an end.
There are different types of insomnia:
- Chronic Insomnia- lasts a month or longer.
- Acute Insomnia- may last a day or a week.
- Comorbid Insomnia- associated with another disorder.
- Onset Insomnia- difficulty falling asleep.
- Maintenance Insomnia- inability to stay asleep.
As per research, comorbid insomnia accounts for 85-95 percentage of chronic insomnia, however, insomnia is a serious problem and many medical conditions are directly related to it.
- Sleeplessness increases the risk of strokes.
- Insomnia affects asthma patients to a great extent.
- Insomnia also increases the chances of seizures.
- Insomniacs generally tend to have a weak immune system.
- Insomnia boosts depression and anxiety.
- Insomnia clouds the judgment and reduces memory power.
Causes of Insomnia : -
- Stress:- Stress is the basic cause of insomnia. Continuously worrying about financial matters, love affairs, and other stress-inducing matters increases the risk of insomnia.
Poor Sleep Habits:- Sleeping late, getting less than five hours of sleep and irregular sleeping pattern leads to chronic insomnia.
Medical Conditions:- Patients with medical conditions like heart ailments, cancer, and other serious medical issues tend to suffer more from sleeplessness.
Addictive Substance Misuse:- There are certain substances, like caffeine, nicotine, drugs which gives an unnatural boost to the brain hence making it hard to fall asleep.
How to manage Insomnia?
There are ways to manage insomnia since insomnia is not preventable due to its widespread causes. Managing insomnia can prove to be difficult but here are a few effective tips to manage insomnia.
- Consult a psychiatrist for stress-related issues which will help ease up the stress and aid in getting some sleep.
- Try to get in bed before midnight and wake up at the crack of dawn as it is the preferred time and duration of sleep.
- Reduce the consumption of coffee, alcohol, nicotine and other similar sleep inhibiting substances.
- Consuming melatonin supplements, an over the counter supplement which induces sleep.
- There are certain prescription drugs that induce sleep but in the long run, these medicines have an adverse effect on health.
No matter what the type or cause, insomnia should be treated as a disease and the person should consult a psychiatrist
Written by: Dr. H Kaur
Edited by: J Dias