Hypotension – Symptoms, Causes and Precautions

Hypotension – Symptoms, Causes and Precautions

What is Hypotension ?

With growing age and developments in the human body, the blood circulation pattern changes. The pressure of this blood circulation in the arteries is known as blood circulation. If the pressure of this circulation decreases due to varied reasons it leads to Hypotension. it is defined as low blood pressure which is usually below 90/60 mm Hg. Blood pressure lower than this can lead to an insufficient blood supply to the brain and other parts of the body.


Common Symptoms Of Hypotension

A low blood pressure which does not cause any change in your routine and daily functioning won’t need any treatment. Hypotension needs to be treated. It can have common symptoms including:

  1. Lightheadedness and dizziness
  2. Fainting suddenly
  3. Confusion
  4. Blurred vision
  5. Cold skin and peripheries
  6. Depression
  7. Sleepiness
  8. Thirst

Common Causes 

  1. Orthostatic Hypotension: The fall in blood pressure when a person changes her or his posture like standing up or sitting down.
  2. Alcoholism
  3. Pregnancy & lactation
  4. Severe Infections
  5. Diabetes & cardiac problem
  6. Side effects of certain medications consumed for treatment of depression, erectile dysfunction or hypertension
  7. Dehydration

Common Precautions For Hypotension

There are numerous ways to test and diagnose the underlying cause of hypotension. It sometimes may not have any specific underlying cause. Some common precautions can avoid serious complications:

  1. Wear Compression stockings if you have postural or orthostatic hypotension
  2. Increase your salt intake if your physician permits as this will help maintain your blood pressure
  3. Consult your physician if there is a need to change your prescription medication which might be leading to low blood pressure.
  4. Drink plenty of water to maintain your fluid levels especially on hot days or when outdoors
  5. Slow down in changing your position and posture if the cause is postural.
  6. There are certain medications which can be prescribed by your physician in order to improve constant low blood pressure.

Written By: C. Motwani

Edited By: S. Soni


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