Glandular fever, is a viral infection termed “Infectious Mononucleosis”, caused by a virus called the Epstein - Barr virus.
It usually spreads in humans due to infected saliva or by sharing drinks.
Commonly spread while kissing; It is also named as the ‘Kissing Disease’.
Some people infected with the virus may not show any symptoms. Complaints may be seen more in young adults and older children, while symptoms may be mild in younger children. The common symptoms of glandular fever include fatigue, fever, sore throat with pain and swelling around the tonsils. Other symptoms like body pain, reduced appetite, chills, skin rash and abdominal pain may be experienced in some cases.
On examination the lymph nodes and spleen may be enlarged and jaundice may also be noted. Symptoms may last for a few days to a few weeks and occasionally remain as a chronic infection.
Diagnosis and Treatment
When you notice such symptoms, you should seek medical advice. Your physician will evaluate your condition, perform clinical examination and order appropriate investigations.
Diagnosis of glandular fever can be done based on blood tests. Other investigations may be ordered to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms.
Treatment includes rest, plenty of fluids, medications to reduce pain, warm water gargles and antibiotics to prevent secondary infection.
Recovery mostly occurs without complications, except for some rare cases. However, difficulty in breathing or swallowing and severe abdominal pain may need emergency medical care.
Practice proper hand washing techniques. Avoid sharing drinks and limit contact with saliva to reduce chances of infection spread.
Following proper hygiene and disinfecting infected objects can help to prevent the spread of glandular fever.
Written by: Dr. Snehal
Edited by: C. Soni