Drug abuse has long lasting effects on your health, brain, behavior, social life and also increases the risk of injuries and diseases.
Effects of Drug abuse are wide and varied.
It affects blood circulation, causes damage to heart vessels and also affects heart rate and rhythm. All these increase blood pressure and the chances of heart disorders.Improper body temperature regulation can also lead to overheating and dehydration.It disturbs gastrointestinal system and can cause nausea, vomiting or abnormal stools.Other vital organs like liver and kidneys may also get damaged, putting you at an increased risk of organ failure.
Consumption of drugs by pregnant women can increase the risk of birth defects in the newborn babies, learning difficulties or behavior problems.
Substance abuse affects the local area through which drugs are taken. When drugs are inhaled, the nasal cartilage can get affected. Injections increase the risk of damage to blood vessels, over dosage and possibility of deadly infections like hepatitis and HIV. It also leads to decline in the immune system, thus increasing the risk of infections.
Indulgence in drugs can damage the brain and its functioning, resulting in unfavorable outcomes like difficulty in concentration, memory, problem solving and decision making. Some people may experience complaints like seizures, stroke or confusion due to improper blood circulation to the brain or certain chemical imbalances.
Behavioral challenges like increased aggression, impulsivity, lack of self-control and regulations are often noted. Sometimes hallucinations, fears, lack of judgment may also be experienced. Socially, it can lead to avoidance of family and friends, and can increase chances of mental disorders, depression, anxiety and suicidal tendencies.
Such symptoms need medical opinion at the earliest.
Written by: Dr. Snehal
Edited by: C. Soni