Child Autism is a type of brain disorder that often brings about a lifetime of impaired thinking and social functioning – chief human traits. Generally, autism influences a child’s aptitude to form relationships with others, communicate and react appropriately to the outside world. Generally, autism becomes apparent in kids typically by the age of three.
Autism in children is also known as “classical autism” which is the most well-known condition among a group of developmental disorders often addressed as ‘Autism Spectrum Disorders’.
Some other common types that fall under Autism Spectrum Disorders include:
Asperger syndrome is a subtype of autism. Affected children and adults have difficulty in social interactions and also have a limited range of interests and/or repetitive behaviors. Asperger’s syndrome usually remains undiagnosed until he/she starts developing behavioral problems in his/her personal, school or work life.
Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also known as Heller’s Syndrome, is a very rare condition of autism which is characterized by late onset of developmental delays in language, social function, and motor skills. Generally, children with Heller’s Syndrome don’t recover the skill that they lost.
Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that, almost exclusively affects girls. It is identified by normal early growth and development, followed by loss of purposeful use of hands, distinctive hand movements, seizures, and intellectual disability. The course of Rett syndrome, including the age of onset and the severity of symptoms, varies from child to child. Before the symptoms begin, however, the child generally appears to grow and develop normally.
According to experts, 3 to 6 children out of 1000 have child autism. Also, males are four times more prone to this disorder than females. Females with autism have more severe symptoms with greater levels of cognitive impairment than males.
Typically, 3 distinct behaviors identify child autism:
However, some autistic children can work at a relatively high level, with intact intelligence and speech. Others may have language delays and severe cognitive impairments, and in some cases, they never talk.
Till date, there is no cure for autism (be it child autism or adult autism). However, behavioral interventions and therapies can bring considerable improvement in children with autism.
The ideal plan for treating child autism coordinates behavioral interventions and therapies that target the above mentioned common behaviors.
Most experts concur that early the execution of the plan, the better and quick are the results.
Written by: Dr. H. Kaur
Edited by: J. Dias